Voluntary organisations can fulfil their charitable aims by financially supporting organisations and individuals through the giving of grants. Trusts, foundations and grant-makers are used interchangeably but they mean different things. A foundation is a type of trust whose income derives from an endowment of land or invested capital: but not all trusts and foundations make grants, some directly undertake their own charitable activity. Conversely, many operating charities make grants, though this may not be their main activity.

Overview

  • Over 38,000 organisations spent money making grants in 2014/15, representing 27% of the total number of organisations in the sector. However only 12,753 of those organisations were grant-making foundations.
  • The voluntary sector spent a total of £6.4bn on grants in 2014/15, accounting for 14% of overall spending.
  • The amount spent on grants by voluntary organisations has increased in the last two years. Changes from year to year may be driven by a small number of ‘one-off’ grants but could also be linked to the way charities have documented grant-giving in their accounts (see chapter on spending for more explanation and methodology section).
Amount spent on grants by voluntary organisations, 2000/01 to 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices)
Embed

Cut and paste this code into your page to embed.

Share: Twitter Facebook | Download: Image PNG/SVG | CSV
Built with Highcharts.

 

Top grant makers

  • Grant making remains dominated by a small group of organisations: the ten largest grant makers account for 26% of all grants made.
The ten largest grant makers by total spending on grants, 2014/15 (£m)
Charity name
Spending on grants (£m)
Wellcome Trust
593
Cancer Research UK
238
The Save the Children Fund
217
The Save the Children International
143
British Heart Foundation
85
The Leverhulme Trust
81
The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (UK)
79
Charity Projects
78
Oxfam
74
The Thalidomide Trust
63
Embed

Cut and paste this code into your page to embed.

 

By size

  • Organisations in the two largest income bands (major and super-major) spent the most on grants, £1.9bn and £1.6bn respectively.
Amount of grant spending by income band, 2014/15 (£bn, 2014/15 prices)
Embed

Cut and paste this code into your page to embed.

Share: Twitter Facebook | Download: Image PNG/SVG | CSV
Built with Highcharts.

 

By activity type

Unsurprisingly, grant-making foundations were the organisations that spent the most on grants as a proportion of total spending (61%), followed by research (37%) and international organisations (24%).

By type of recipient

  • International voluntary organisations receive the most grants from the voluntary sector.
Grants received by sub-sector, 2014/15 (%)
Embed

Cut and paste this code into your page to embed.

Share: Twitter Facebook | Download: Image PNG/SVG | CSV
Built with Highcharts.
  • Over half of grants are made to other voluntary organisations (£3.4bn).Higher education institutions and the public sector are also significant recipients of grants, receiving £2.6bn, which mostly funds research. The remaining grants are made to individuals and other institutions.
  • Charities with an income of up to £10m (micro to large organisations) predominantly gave grants to other voluntary organisations whereas major and super-major organisations were more likely to give grants to government bodies and universities.
Grant spending by type of recipient, 2014/15 (£m)
Embed

Cut and paste this code into your page to embed.

Share: Twitter Facebook | Download: Image PNG/SVG | CSV
Built with Highcharts.

 

 

 

To find out more about income to the voluntary sector from grants, see Income Sources

 

Share: Twitter Facebook

UK Civil Society Almanac 2017 / The Voluntary Sector /Spending

Published: 08-05-2017 / Tagged: | | |

https://data.ncvo.org.uk/a/almanac17/grant-making/