The UK voluntary sector workforce has increased by 4% since June 2016
- 880,556 people worked in the voluntary sector in June 2017.
- There was a 4% (35,000) increase in people working in the voluntary sector between June 2016 to June 2017.
The proportion of men working in the sector is slowly increasing
- About two-thirds of the voluntary and public sectors (63% and 65% respectively) are female, compared to only 41% of the private sector workforce.
- Between June 2016 and June 2017, the proportion of men working for the voluntary sector increased from 35% to 37%. This increase of 28,000 men working for the sector continues the recent trend of small year on year increases.
- Fewer than one in ten (9%) voluntary sector employees are from black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups, a lower proportion than in the public (11%) and private sectors (12%). These proportions have not changed since last year.
- Voluntary sector workers are slightly older than public and private sector workers, with around 38% aged 50 years or older, compared to 35% in the public sector and 29% in the private sector.
- Over half (51%) of voluntary sector employees have a university degree, up from 49% in the preceding 12 months. This proportion is equal to the public sector (51%) but far higher than in the private sector (28%). Only 2% of voluntary sector workers have no qualifications, the lowest proportion of all three sectors.
The number of EU nationals working in the voluntary sector has decreased by 7,800 since June 2016
- 826,000 (94%) voluntary sector workers come from the United Kingdom, 31,000 (4%) come from the EU and 23,000 (3%) are from other parts of the world (Non-EU).
- The number of EU nationals working in the voluntary sector has decreased by 7,800 (-20%).
- By contrast, the number of EU nationals in the private sector has increased over the same period by 10% (177,405).
- Most voluntary sector employees (59%) work in organisations of fewer than 50 employees whilst only 6% work for large organisations of more than 500 employees.
- By comparison, 35% of public sector and 11% of private sector workers work for organisations of over 500 employees.
- In June 2017, a third of voluntary sector employees worked in either London or the South East.
- These areas also account for the highest proportions of public and private sector workers, although at a slightly lower rate (26% and 29% respectively).
59% of the sector’s employees work in social care, health and education
- As of June 2017, nearly 305,000 people were employed in social work, representing 35% of the voluntary sector workforce. Education and residential care are the next subsectors with highest number of people working in them, with over 108,000 employees (12%) employed in each of these subsectors.
- The employment industries of the voluntary sector differ to the public and private sectors. The majority of the public sector workforce (58%) is employed in education and health while only 4% of the public sector and 2% of the private sector workforce are employed in social work.
- The five largest subsectors of the voluntary sector only account for 11% of the total of private sector workforce. These proportions have remained relatively stable since June 2015.
By employment type
- Of those who answered in June 2017, 91% of voluntary sector employees were on permanent contracts, which is a slightly lower proportion than in the public (93%) and private (95%) sectors.
- Of those working on temporary contracts in, most were on a fixed contract (66%), which is marginally higher than in the public sector (58%) and more than double in the private sector (27%). Temporary voluntary sector workers were less likely to be temping through an agency (3%) than in the public and private sectors (12% and 25% respectively).
- 64% of voluntary sector workers were employed on full time contracts. This proportion was slightly lower than in the public (71%) and private (75%) sectors.